Conflictfree diamonds james allen education center. Diamonds, a global symbol of love and wealth, have also served as hard currency for conflict in africa. Photos of famous diamonds, rings, bracelets, tiaras and other pieces as well as stories of such famous jewels as the hope, the orloff, and the kohinoor. About blood diamonds is it possible to say were rough raw diamonds come from.
Dear wdc member, i am sure you will agree that 2006 has been both challenging and invigorating for all of us in the diamond industry. However, to date, there is no scientific consensus on the best methods. Tracing the deadly path of the worlds most precious stones from the worlds largest community of readers. The world diamond council is an international diamond industry trade association that was formed to oversee the development, implementation and oversight of a tracking system for the export and import of rough diamonds to prevent the exploitation of diamonds for illicit purposes such as war and inhumane acts. Sierra leone is a vacuum of violence, poverty, warlords and misery, a tiny corner of western africa where the wheels have fallen completely off, writes campbell, its politics as raw and unrelenting as the natural environment. By comparison, an emerald ring to wear daily will not be your best choice because emerald is not a hard stone. The world diamond council estimates that 99% of all diamonds are now conflict free. Tracing the deadly path of the world s most precious stones. The title refers to blood diamonds, which are diamonds mined in war zones and sold to finance conflicts, and thereby profit warlords and diamond companies across the world.
Over 99 percent of the world s supply of diamonds now comes from sources free of conflict, according to the world diamond council. Blood diamonds also called conflict diamonds, brown diamonds, hot diamonds, or red diamonds are diamonds mined in a war zone and sold to finance an insurgency, an invading armys war efforts, or a warlords activity. Consequences of the illegal sale of blood diamonds in africa. Aug 05, 2010 everything you need to know about blood diamonds. Blood diamonds is a thriller fiction book title by jon land, 2002. The world diamond council reported that by 2004 this percentage had fallen to approximately 1% and up to today.
The council was set up in july 2000 with the aim of reducing the number of conflict diamonds entering the diamond market. The world diamond council has expressed its regret about the inconclusive end to the kimberley process intersessional meeting in kinshasa. But the december 2006 movie, blood diamond, starring leonardo dicaprio and djimon hounsou, introduced to the broader public conscience the real costs. Of the worlds most precious stones basic books 2012 2002. Our goal is to sever links between conflicts and the legitimate diamond trade, says mark van bockstael of the diamond high council in antwerp. Conflict diamonds are rough diamonds used by rebel movements or their allies to finance conflict aimed at undermining legitimate governments, as described in. The kimberley process developed in response to widespread repugnance at brutal practices associated with blood diamonds diamonds that fueled conflict in africa, especially sierra leone, in the decade of the 1990s. In 1999, the united nations security council established the mission. Many buyers believe conflictfree must mean the stones are canadian. Socalled conflict diamonds have been a concern for humanitarian advocates and a complex issue before policy makers for almost a decade. Jul 18, 2005 the guilt of blood diamonds siddhartha mitter notes that the origin of the precious gems often triggers a conflict within those who wear them. But according to clive wright, head of britains diamond office.
The west african country of sierra leone has long been known as a diamond rich area. Everything you need to know about blood diamonds world news. C te divoire, economy of angola, economy of sierra leone, blood diamond, angolan civil war, sierra leone civil war, charles taylor, kimberley process certification scheme, jonas savimbi, unita, global witness, robert fowler, marange diamond. The world diamond council is an organization representing the entire diamond value chain. Conflict diamonds may not be on the radar, but theyre still a worry for some. Decimated conflict diamond trade survives in europe. Conflict diamonds may not be on the radar, but theyre. This is a scheme which aims to track every diamond from the place it was mined to the place it is sold, meaning illegal diamonds cant slip through. The notion of ethical diamonds also called the bloodfree diamonds, or crueltyfree diamonds refers not only to diamonds obtained from warfree zones but also to diamonds that come from environmentally responsible sources. Diamond trade and alerts industry of diamonds originating from ghana new york, ny ocobet r 12, 2006 following this weeks report by the united nations highlighting the possible threat to diamond control systems between the ivory coast and ghana, the world diamond council wdc is urging all members tobe vigilant and t o act. The most popular way to wear a diamond is a ring because diamonds take the daily wear and tear very well, so you can benefit from the energy of your diamonds very often. Tracing the deadly path of the worlds most precious. Journalist greg campbell leads the reader down the international diamond trail of brutality, horror, and profit providing an ontheground and inthemines story of global consequencefirst discovered in 1930, the diamonds of sierra leone have funded one of the most savage rebel campaigns in modern history.
Books about diamonds what should i read next register for free to build your own book lists. These blood diamonds are smuggled out of west africa and sold to legitimate diamond. As ivory coasts gbagbo holds firm, blood diamonds flow. Even though many brutal civil wars have now ended, violence in diamond mines remains a serious problem.
Concerned about consumer backlash, the world diamond council wdc. Everything you need to know about blood diamonds world. Illegal miners in south africa risk death for a share of the diamonds that shaped the continents biggest economy. Brilliant earth goes above and beyond the current industry standards to offer beyond conflict free diamonds tm with a listed origin of canada, botswana sort, or russia. Please subscribe to my channel if you like this documentary. The kimberley process relies on administrative controls. World diamond council seeks to sterilize blood diamond pr. But human rights groups say its not being enforced well enough, meaning blood diamonds could be in our shops. Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from wikipedia or other free sources online.
The world diamond council originally known as the international diamond council is an organization consisting of representatives from diamond manufacturing and diamond trading companies. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading blood diamonds. Conflict diamonds may not be on the radar, but theyre still. By stopping the mining of blood diamonds we can save precious human lives. With civil war ripping the heart out of the country, all aspects of life there are unstable. When the illegal actions of the unita were recognized by the council, they adopted resolutions to try to fix the problem before it escalated even more. The sorry role the diamond has played in the history of sierra leone, stunningly told by journalist campbell the road to kosovo, 1999. These blood diamonds are smuggled out of west africa and sold to legitimate diamond merchants in london, antwerp, and new york, often with the complicity of the international diamond industry. Awardwinning journalist greg campbell traces the deadly trail of these. The kimberley process started when southern african diamondproducing. Our select group of diamond suppliers demonstrate a robust chain of custody protocol for their diamonds and have the ability to track and segregate diamonds by origin. Up to 20 books are listed, in descending order of popularity. The guilt of blood diamonds siddhartha mitter notes that the origin of the precious gems often triggers a conflict within those who wear them.
But the december 2006 movie, blood diamond, starring leonardo dicaprio and djimon hounsou, introduced to the broader public conscience the real. First discovered in 1930, the diamonds of sierra leone have funded one of the most savage rebel campaigns in modern history. Many of the worlds diamonds are harvested using practices that exploit workers, children, and communities. The term is used to highlight the negative consequences of the diamond trade in certain areas, or to label an individual diamond as having come from such an area.
Jul 05, 2007 diamonds, a global symbol of love and wealth, have also served as hard currency for conflict in africa. World diamond council eli izhakoff, chairman 580 fifth avenue new york, ny 10036 usa 31 december 2006 members of the world diamond council dear wdc member, i am sure you will agree that 2006 has been both challenging and invigorating for all of us in the diamond industry. Only then can you be certain that your diamond is free of blood. They have funded conflicts in africa that have led to the. Jan 23, 2007 in 2000, lots of people from the diamond industry set up something called the kimberly process. The main idea that we all should remember after watching the movie is to be more informed when we purchase something of great value. World diamond council the primary objective of the wdc is to represent the diamond industry in the development and implementation of regulatory and voluntary systems to control the trade in diamonds embargoed by the united nations or covered by the kimberley process certification scheme. In the 1930s, the diamond market had been experiencing declining sales. The story of diamonds and diamond jewelry what makes a diamond so special. Beyond blood diamonds from the mines in africa, to polishers in india, to retailers in the west, follow a diamonds global path to market. Mar 20, 2018 diamonds were a girls best friend long before marilyn monroe sang that iconic number in the 1953 flick gentlemen prefer blondes. The west african country of sierra leone has long been known as a diamondrich area.
Jun 19, 2012 please subscribe to my channel if you like this documentary. But diamonds havent always been the status symbol of love that we think of today. During this time, blood diamonds comprised about 4 percent of the world diamond market, according to the world diamond councils website. Many of the world s diamonds are harvested using practices that exploit workers, children, and communities. The vast sums of money and weapons exchanged in return for the gems have helped fuel some of the bloodiest civil wars in africa. Blood diamonds are diamonds mined in a war zone and sold to finance an insurgency, an. Coming from a background in classical and modernistic jazz from his adolescence in kansas city and then after moving to vancouver to study a degree in video game design, he became. As ivory coasts renegade president laurent gbagbo shrugs off international attempts to isolate his regime, smugglers continue to export blood diamonds in. There was even a movie called blood diamond that describes some of the tragedies and violent acts that happen during blood diamonds extractions. Although canada has a solid reputation for diamonds that are mined in an environmentally conscious and conflictfree way, you shouldnt consider stones from canada the only diamonds that are conflictfree.
The new blood diamonds diamonds from african countries have been funding guerrilla wars for decades. These blood diamonds are smuggled out of west africa and sold to legitimate. At the time of the 1998 bombings of the united states embassies in kenya and tanzania, alqaeda allegedly transferred cash into highvalue commodities, including diamonds. Intersectoral commissions, one for diamonds, one for gemstones and one for pearls meet periodically to revise and bring uptodate the three books defining the nomenclature and rules of application for good trade practices.
The world diamond council is an international diamond industry trade association that was formed to oversee the development, implementation and oversight of a tracking system for the export and import of rough diamonds to prevent the exploitation of diamonds. The council was established in july 2000 and mandated to put forth strategies to combat the use of diamond proceeds being used to benefit rebel forces engaged in conflict. View annual diamond production, imports, exports and kpc counts by country. The council was set up in july 2000 with the aim of reducing the number. Blood diamond twodisc special edition and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at. Fascinating, profusely illustrated volume covers complete history and lore of diamonds from early discoveries in indias golconda mines to the development of major mining companies.
Europe decimated conflict diamond trade survives in europe. The following is the full transcript of the speech delivered by eli izhakoff, president of the world diamond council, to the intercessional meeting of world diamond council honors nicky oppenheimer at 8th annual meeting gala. Tracing the deadly path of the worlds most precious stones. A number of researchers are working on different analytical techniques that could enable them to determine where an individual stone comes from. Eventually, these very diamonds find their way into the rings and. Blood diamond is a 2006 political war thriller film coproduced and directed by edward zwick and starring leonardo dicaprio, jennifer connelly, and djimon hounsou. Thats why if you want to purchase diamonds you should go to a certified supplier that will provide an anti conflict diamond certificate which has met the standards of the kimberely process. To extend the kpcs to polished diamonds, the world diamond council established a system of warranties to guarantee that polished diamonds derive from a conflictfree rough source.
Tracing the deadly path of the world s most precious stones kindle edition by campbell, greg. The security council s involvement with blood diamonds the security council was also a huge contributor to this social issue in a good way. All there is to know about the blood diamonds in africa. Many diamonds are still stained by severe human rights abuses such as forced labor, beatings, torture, and murder. In 1998, the security council made resolution 1173 and 1176 which prohibited the indirect or direct import from angola to their territory of all diamonds in areas that were not issued by angolas government. Aug 10, 2010 during this time, blood diamonds comprised about 4 percent of the world diamond market, according to the world diamond councils website. Worst of all, guerrilla rebels, in their lust for the resourcerich land, have sunk to depravity and terrorism to. In december 2000, the united nations general assembly adopted a landmark resolution supporting the creation of an international certification scheme for rough diamonds. Zimbabwe launched its first multimillion dollar diamond sale this week since obtaining certification last month that the nations precious stones are. A new certification framework developed by a group of african nations now makes it easier for companies to weed out conflict minerals from their supply chain.499 982 377 975 839 10 1274 906 206 83 19 1520 183 1658 319 310 452 1369 54 1498 270 423 1358 475 132 917 684 1492 170 521 422 537 1544 931 394 1175 422 1315 1445 603 11 1144 990 139 270 204