On cold winterdays, itake my environmental history undergraduates on a. Feb 01, 2016 the great lakes of north america, which span 750 miles from east to west, form the largest fresh water system on earth. Lake superior is, by surface area, the worlds largest freshwater lake. The picture below is a beautiful satellite photo of lake superior from yesterday. Here are 10 facts about superior, michigan, huron, erie, and ontario. Great lakes water temperatures at record levels climate. Aug 23, 2019 any day, during the winter, with a thorough enough web search, you can find the percentage of each lake covered by ice. Lake superior is likely going to ice over completely. Others saw only faint traces of ice around their edges, or froze for only a short time before the ice melted away. This classic history of lake superior, from the earliest explorations to the. Review of new books, music cds, dvds and videos, in print and online by. This book tells the story of the lake carriers association lca and its contributions to great. Noaa great lakes environmental research laboratory.
Science history newsfeed sports magazine the time vault time for. Nute was a keen upper midwest historian and gained significant recognition for her writings on the frenchcanadian voyageurs hired canoemen who transported people, fur, and cargo. A cold day in paradise by steve hamilton, north of nowhere by steve hamilton, wolves by cary griffith, northwest angle by wil. Deep freeze reveals lake superiors secluded ice caves for five years, the winter wonder of lake superiors apostle islands sea caves have been hidingbut recent freezing temperatures have. Cold snap has great lakes icing up fast, grinding freighters to a halt. Lake superiors historic north shore minnesota historical. This would be a significant departure from historical records as, according to hubert lamb. Noaa lake superior hasnt completely frozen over in two decades. May 01, 2008 in lake superiors historic north shore, deborah morsekahn takes vacationers and armchair travelers alike on a unique journey along old roads and byways and into the hidden history of the land and communities along a stunning section of this great inland sea. Part of the first round of the american lake series. In colder months, they could freeze the fish for later use. Lake superior, fresh water body but why does it not freeze.
Wang noted the polar vortex brought colder temperatures that caused rapid freezing on the lake from late january through february. Ice expert predicts lake superior will completely freeze over. Watch as the frozen surface of lake superior crashes. Lake superior is the secondlargest lake in the world by area, and the largest freshwater lake by surface area. Grace lee nute was the author of many popular regional books, including the. A great book on the geologic history of the lake superior north shore in minnesota. If trends continue, lake superior, which freezes over completely once every 20 years, could routinely be icefree by 2040. May 23, 2017 famously cold and frighteningly massive, lake superior contains 10 percent of the worlds surface freshwater, holds the remains of 6,000 shipwrecks, and offers a lifetime of adventure. Sep 29, 2017 20 incredible facts about the mighty lake superior. Always the third sunday in july, lake superior day was started in the early 1990s. Lake superior magazine, lake superior travel guide, lake superior online, online shopping, lake superior circle tour, circle tour, magazine, travel, online magazines, lake superior products, circle tour products, gifts, subscribe, calendar, calendar of events, lakelinks, lake superior. Inappropriate the list including its title or description facilitates illegal activity, or contains hate speech or ad hominem attacks on a fellow goodreads member or author. Superior, lake article about superior, lake by the free.
Any day, during the winter, with a thorough enough web search, you can find the percentage of each lake covered by ice. Spam or selfpromotional the list is spam or selfpromotional. Begun privately in 1871, it was put under federal supervision and maintenance several years later. Great lakes nearly freeze over completely the star.
Jan 30, 2014 for the first time since 2009 lake superior has frozen thick enough to safely permit access to the ice caves at the apostle islands national lakeshore in northern wisconsin. Parts of the waterway are variously known as the keweenaw waterway, portage canal, portage lake canal, portage river, lily pond, torch lake, and portage. New book traces the history of lake superior, a tale of exploitation. Mar 07, 2009 lake superior last froze over in 2003. Lake superior facts university of missourikansas city. An estimated 1,000 people are arriving daily to trek out to the islands for a glimpse of frozen caves which are covered in a c. Lawrence seaway system, and it is reached by oceangoing and lake vessels through the sault sainte marie canals sault sainte marie canals, two ship canals bypassing the rapids on the st.
Like all of the great lakes, lake superior is prone to lake effect snow, but the weather is. Famously cold and frighteningly massive, lake superior contains 10 percent of the worlds surface freshwater, holds the remains of 6,000 shipwrecks, and offers a lifetime of adventure. In lake superiors historic north shore, deborah morsekahn takes vacationers and armchair travelers alike on a unique journey along old roads and byways and into the hidden history of the land and communities along a stunning section of this great inland sea. Lake superior, life and history lake superior magazine. The history of fishing on the great lakes is as awe inspiring as the lakes themselves. Try searching on jstor for other items related to this book.
Lake superior by grace lee nute documents the regional history of lake superior. Feb 16, 2014 frozenover lake superior provides rare access to ice caves. The great lakes of north america, which span 750 miles from east to west, form the largest fresh water system on earth. Beautiful time lapse imagery shows lake superior and the rest of the great lakes freeze. A frozen lake superior caused a major ice pileup on the shores of duluth, minnesota on february th, its solid surface breaking into layers and layers of icy shards that ranged from 14 to 3 thick. The strangely satisfying scene was filmed by dawn lapointe of radiant spirit gallery who captured. Now, in the last decade, we have seen two freeze overs. The great lakes freeze in pictures us news the guardian.
Parts of the waterway are variously known as the keweenaw waterway, portage canal, portage lake canal, portage river, lily pond, torch lake, and portage lake. Northern minnesota has very rich geological features, because the newer soil was scraped clear of the ancient bedrock by glaciers. Frozenover lake superior provides rare access to ice caves. In recent years the lakes ice coverage has been well above 90 percent, in spite of global warming. Michigan is in the middle of 2015s coldest air mass, which will continue to affect the great lakes. Many a mariner has survived shipwreck only to perish from hypothermia in the water or freeze along a wintry wilderness shore. Ice expert predicts lake superior will completely freeze.
Sightseers trek across a frozen expanse of lake superior, the worlds largest freshwater lake. Marys river between lake superior and lake huron, at the cities of sault ste marie, mich. An estimated 1,000 people are arriving daily to trek out to the islands for a glimpse of frozen caves which are covered in a cascade of icicles formed from water runoff and waves. Feb 24, 2007 lake superior does freeze completely over, approximately once every 20 years. Lake superior is the countrys most overlooked playground. The duluth ship canal is an artificial canal cut through minnesota point, providing direct access to duluth harbor from lake superior. This book gave me a road map through these waterways along with a history lesson of deadly weather and the lack of concern of the big corporations that owned. Interesting facts about lake superior just fun facts. The frequency of freeze overs has historically been around once every 20 years. The largest great lake is superior in more ways than one. The deep water of lake superior, compared to the shallow south end of michigan will keep the upper surface water that part which will freeze. It has to be a long, cold winter to do that, because lake superior is so large that wind and water movement breaks up any ice that forms during normal. Nov 20, 2012 in this colorful childrens book, deborah jo larson reveals some of the true fun of ice fishing. Nautical lore of lake superior is as rich as that of any body of water on earth.
The authority on lake superior, with continuous updates of information and calendar of events items. With recordhigh ice coverage for the end of april, and more cold weather on the way, it is possible that superior might not be entirely icefree until june. Lake superior, most northwesterly and largest of the great lakes of north america and one of the worlds largest bodies of fresh water. The celebration spans the entire weekend in some big lake communities. For the first time since 2009 lake superior has frozen thick enough to safely permit access to the ice caves at the apostle islands national lakeshore in northern wisconsin. Lake superior, bounded by ontario, canada, and the u. Stories from lake superiors north shore paperback jun 4 2012. Michigan than into what would have been the water in lake superior. A compelling exploration of lake superiors conservation recovery and what it. Lake superior magazine, lake superior travel guide, lake superior. Originally published in 1944, grace lee nutes lake superior was out of print and had become a rare volume, although it remains a valuable, almost unassailable history of the greatest of the great lakes. In this capacity, glerl obtains, produces, and delivers environmental data and products for near realtime observation of the great. On any given day you can hear the sound of lake superior. Minnesotas lake superior shipwrecks history of minnesotas lake superior exploration and fur trade 16501840 the precontact history of the lake superior is poorly understood in minnesota due to a scarcity of known archaeological sites.
Deep freeze puts great lakes on ice detroit free press. Why the great lakes make for the perfect mystery setting. Glerls shortterm ice forecasting is part of the great lakes coastal forecasting system, an experimental model used by the national weather service to predict wind, waves, currents, and more. Lake superior is the largest freshwater lake in the world in area and the third largest in volume, behind lake baikal in siberia and lake tanganyika in east africa.
Lake superior, the largest of the great lakes of north america, is also the worlds largest. Feb 19, 2015 michigan than into what would have been the water in lake superior. Lake superior, bordered by ontario, the upper peninsula of michigan, wisconsin, and minnesota, is the northernmost and westernmost lake and can be considered the headwater of the system. A history of lake superior from the first human habitation to. Very enjoyable writing style and dedicated research. The surface area of lake superior 31,700 square miles or 82,170 square kilometers is greater than the combined areas of vermont, massachusetts, rhode island, connecticut, and new hampshire.
The red sandstone caves and passageways that make up the devils island formation were carved by lake superiors powerful waves, and when the temperatures are cold enough, an ice bridge forms on the lake, making it possible to trek across and explore the caves by foot. Lake superior may freeze over completely for the first. Lake superior is our most overlooked playground outside. Deep freeze reveals lake superiors secluded ice caves. Together, lakes superior, michigan, huron, erie, and ontario represent the largest freshwater surface in the world, and onefifth of all the fresh water on the planet. Lake superior may freeze over completely for the first time since 1996. In this colorful childrens book, deborah jo larson reveals some of the true fun of ice fishing. Lake superior does freeze completely over, approximately once every 20 years. The caspian sea, while larger than lake superior in both surface area and volume, is brackish. It is the deepest lake mean depth 483 feet 147 metres, lies at an altitude of 600 feet above sea level, and discharges into lake huron through the st. Ships have been coated with ice, trapped in ice, and sunk by collisions with ice floes.
Just like ice fishing, this book will be the most fun as a read to rather than a read alone activity. Detailing the lake s history from the arrival of etienne brule and grenoble prior to 1623, nute follows nearly 325 years of commerce. Thats kind of surprising considering that i literally live on the shores of lake. Marie, continued to fish even through the cold winters. Like all of the great lakes, lake superior is prone to lake effect snow, but the weather is generally moderate, with warmer temperatures than inland throughout the. Sightseers trek across a frozen expanse of lake superior, the worlds largest freshwater lake, to the sea caves of the apostle islands. Along the northern wisconsin shores of lake superior, smelting is still a strong tradition. But an expert on great lakes ice says theres a very high likelihood that the threequadrilliongallon lake will soon be totally covered with ice thanks to this winters recordbreaking cold. The waterway connects to lake superior at its north and south. Marys river, which drains out of lake superior, and i remember a couple of years in the 1970s when ice. The ice cover on lake superior currently stands at 91 per cent.
Lake superior, the largest freshwater lake in the world, is aweinspiring on many levels. It is 350 miles 563 km long east to west, and its greatest width is 160 miles 258 km from north to south. As the graphic to the right indicates, the forecast for wisconsin, michigan, and minnesota including the entire lake superior region is for temperatures to below normal and what cory described as crushing cold historic arctic outbreaks occurring. Conor mihels love of lake superior shows clearly in this collection of stories and history of this great lake. As the surfaces of lakes superior, huron, michigan, and erie are all approximately the same elevation above sea level, while lake ontario is significantly lower, and because the niagara escarpment precludes all natural navigation, the four upper lakes are commonly called the upper great lakes. Incorrect book the list contains an incorrect book please specify the title of the book.
Beautiful time lapse imagery shows lake superior and the rest of the great lakes freeze over during this years brutally cold winter. Record temperatures freeze a path to the spectacular lake. Michigan, huron, ontario and erieare now frozen over. Superior, lake, largest freshwater lake in the world, 31,820 sq mi 82,414 sq km, 350 mi 563 km long and 160 mi 257 km at its greatest width, bordered on the w by ne minnesota, on the n and e by ontario, canada, and on the s by nw michigan and nw wisconsin. Saginaw and bay city are port cities on lake huron. Lake superior has an average depth of 148 metres, which enables it to also absorb heat. No one was more surprised than me that the history of the great lakes would be so captivating. In all probability, that means its going to be a very tough breakout in march, said glen nekvasil, vice president of the lake carriers association. Clair comes to harbor during some of the coldest temps of the year, sunday, dec. Lake michigan is the largest lake that is entirely within one country. The keweenaw waterway is a partly natural, partly artificial waterway which cuts across the keweenaw peninsula of michigan. My first rock harbor novel had a widow and her search dog trying to find the. The winter of 2014 will go down in the record booksand theres no clearer.
Lake superior may freeze over completely for the first time. A history of lake superior from the first human habitation. The ice cover on the largest freshwater lake in the world hit a 20year record of 91 percent on feb. King louis xiv revokes all furtrade licenses and prohibits colonials from bringing goods into lake superior region. Coastwatch is a nationwide national oceanic and atmospheric administration noaa program within which the great lakes environmental research laboratory glerl functions as the great lakes regional node. A skilled kayak paddler, his account of travels along the shoreline bring this area to life, allowing the armchair traveler to feel like he, too. Lake superior is home to about 80 species of fish, including carp and varieties of trout, salmon and perch lake superior contains nearly 70 million diporeia shrimplike creatures with a total biomass greater than that of the human population in the entire lake superior basin. This informative, easytofollow guide offers the history of native americans, the. Lake superior modis true color satellite image of great lakes ice cover. The same vessel was the last to have made contact with the edmund fitzgerald before it went down on lake superior 40 years prior. Detailing the lakes history from the arrival of etienne brule and grenoble prior to 1623, nute follows nearly 325 years of commerce. According to the great lakes aquarium, superior froze over nearly 100% in 1996, and before that, in 1979 and 1962. Lake superior reaches 90 percent ice cover wisconsin. Glerl conducts research on ice cover forecasting on two different time scales.460 1209 1108 1635 228 1388 610 1385 1394 1428 994 470 1229 951 1240 230 15 1014 931 90 346 1028 885 570 1646 1606 1453 362 1035 184 348 824 578 245 1337 534 888 1538 425 433 1340 882 674 1194 657 251 788 51